Tag Archives: Church Structure

Meredian Lines and Easter

Bianchini's meridian line with solar disc at solar noon

Geoff Manaugh on meredian lines found in Catholic cathedrals.  The intended use:

“The way meridian lines operate is both surprisingly complex and quite easy to grasp. As the sun tracks from north to south on its annual migration between the summer and winter solstices, its image on the cathedral floor also shifts, moving slowly along the meridian line. Halfway between the solstices, of course, are the spring and autumn equinoxes. Once the position of the solar circle indicates the spring equinox, believers must simply wait for the next full moon; the first Sunday after that full moon will be the proper date of Easter.”

The eventual actual use:

“This [the fact that cathedrals are sinking into the ground over time] is true to the extent that the meridian line installed inside architect Filippo Brunelleschi’s Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence eventually became used as nothing more than a diagnostic tool for determining how much the cathedral itself had shifted. No longer useful for astronomical observation at all, the meridian became something more like an emergency light on the building’s creaking dashboard.”

Read more on astronomy and Catholic cathedrals: http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/catholics-built-secret-astronomical-features-into-churches-to-help-save-souls


Is Rome A True Church?

FrancescoturrettiniTwo arguments from Francis Turretin on why Rome is not a true church of Christ:

7. Because Antichrist sits in her.

XXI. Seventh, Antichrist sits in her, the author of the great apostasy described by the apostle in 2 Thess. 2 who, under the pretext of a vicar, professing himself be in the place of Christ (anti christou), by impiously usurping the authority of the Lord betrays himself to be really Antichrist (antichriston), the rival of him and an opposing and self-exalting enemy (antikeimenon, kai, hyperairomenon) who, sitting in the temple of God as if he were God, exalts himself above all that is called God (to wit, emperors, kings and princes of the earth, and departed saints in heaven) and shows himself that he is God. That all these criteria of Antichrist can be found in the Roman pope can easily be gathered from a comparison of both, as has been proved at length in our Disputation 7, “De Necessaria Secessione,” Opera (1848), 4:147-77.

8. Because she is Babylon.

XXII. Eighth, she is the mystical Babylon, from which the pious are commanded to come out (Rev. 18:4) as a most corrupt society diametrically opposed to the mystical Zion, the true church of Christ, and incompatible (asystatos) with it. Both the description of John proves and our opponents themselves do not deny that by Babylon is meant no other than Rome. John’s description (Rev. 17) belongs exactly to her alone, especially as to the two marks by which he distinguishes her: that she is a seven-hilled (eptalophos) city, who “sitteth on seven mountains” (v. 9); and that she obtains power over the kings of the earth (v. 10). It is evident that she is seven-hilled and in the time of John no other except herself was the mistress of the world, the head of the earth and the queen of nations, who on this account was called by the Greeks “the ruling city” (basileuousa polis).

~Francis Turretin, “Institutes of Elenctic Theology” Vol. 3, p, 133

HT: https://feileadhmor.wordpress.com/2016/02/10/roman-church/

No Bishop of Bishops

Young Folks' History of Rome illus030
“It remains for every one among us to deliver his opinion, judging none, separating none from the right of Church Communion for diversity of opinion. For no one among ourselves has set himself up above the rest, as the Bishop of Bishops, aut tyrannico terrore ad obsequendi necessitatem collegas suos adegit, or brought any of his colleagues under a forced submission by the fear of despotic power; inasmuch as every single Bishop is permitted to exercise his own free judgment, without constraint and of his own power, being ”exempt from the judgment of others, as they are from his. For we expect the universal judgment of our Lord Jesus Christ, who possesses in Himself alone power and authority to raise us to the government of His Church, and then to take cognizance of what we do. 2 Cor. 10:16; Gal 2:8, 9.”

~Cyprian, Concio ad Episc. Council of Carthage

Source: https://ilyston.wordpress.com/2015/01/31/cyprian-against-romanism/

Cardinal Rebiba and Roman Catholic Apostolic Succession

Apologetica Christiana – Christian Apologetics:

Card REBIBA“However, an interesting fact arises in the Roman Catholic apostolic succession. Over 95% of modern Roman Catholic bishops, including the current pope, can trace their apostolic succession only as far as the 16th century, to a cardinal named Scipione Rebiba.”…

“The interesting thing about this is that nobody is sure who consecrated Rebiba as a bishop. No supporting documentation has been found. which means that the episcopal genealogies of 95% of today’s bishops stop at Rebiba and cannot be traced back to the Apostles.”

Read More: http://apologeticachristiana.blogspot.co.nz/2013/06/cardinal-rebiba-and-roman-catholic.html

Unintended Collapse

via Triablogue:

Catholicism in North AmericaWhether we like it or not, the Catholic Church, especially in America, is undergoing an institutional collapse.  This collapse did not happen as a result of splendid leadership.  While some of it was out of the control of Church leaders, many of the declines the Church in America faces were conscious choices that had the opposite result of what was predicted.  

Source and read more: http://triablogue.blogspot.ca/2015/02/roman-catholic-warlords.html

A Plurality of Elders was the Standard Structure

via Cannon Fodder:

Birth and Origin of the Pope by Lucas Cranach“In sum, the NT texts and texts from the early second century indicate that a plurality of elders was the standard structure in the earliest stages. But, as noted above, the idea of a singular bishop began to dominate by the end of the second century.”

Read more: http://michaeljkruger.com/were-early-churches-ruled-by-elders-or-a-single-bishop/

No Successor For Peter Is Indicated

Bishops of Rome advaunced by Emperours, Constantinus, Theodosius. &c

John Reuman via Bnonn.com:

“Biblical and patristic studies make clear that historically a gap occurs at the point where it has been claimed “the apostles were careful to appoint successors in” what is called “this hierarchically constituted society,” specifically “those who were made bishops by the apostles…,” an episcopate with an “unbroken succession going back to the beginning.” For that, evidence is lacking, quite apart from the problem that the monepiscopacy replaced presbyterial governance in Rome only in the mid-or late second century. It has been noted above how recent treatments conclude that in the New Testament no successor for Peter is indicated.”

Read more here: http://bnonn.com/5-reasons-to-seriously-doubt-the-papacy/

The Subtle Road to Rome

By J. Parnell McCarter:

1288850_49041012Protestants are being enticed to leave their historic Biblical position of the church for a position that really is Romish, but it is not being packaged that way. There is a significant difference between the Westminster Confession’s definition of the visible church (which summarizes the Protestant view) versus that of the so called emerging church using Jesuit Avery Dulles’ “mystical communion model of the church”. This latter Jesuitical model is in its essence the Romish model of the church, but disguised to appeal to and deceive Protestants.

The Biblical Protestant Model of the Church

Here is the Westminster Confession’s definition of the visible church:

Read more: http://www.puritans.net/articles/roadtorome.htm

Bone Chapel


This image is taken from Capela dos Ossos in Portugal. This Holy Roman Catholic site is located in the city of Évora 130 kilometer south of Lisbon. In plain English “Capela dos Ossos”  should be translated Chapel of Bones.  The Chapel is located next to the entrance of the Church of St. Francis….

…The chapel holds 5.000 skeletons. Some of these skulls have been scribbled with graffiti. Two desiccated corpses, one of which is a child, dangle from a chain.

Read more:  http://ivarfjeld.com/2014/01/23/catholic-chapel-with-rotten-man-child-hanging-from-chains/

Roman Catholic Revival


POPE FRANCIS has inspired a surge in attendances and confessions in the Roman Catholic Church, reversing decades of decline.

Read the rest:  ‘Francis effect’ pulls crowds back to church at http://www.thesundaytimes.co.uk/sto/news/uk_news/Society/article1341650.ece

Revelation 16:13-16:  And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.