Category Archives: Bible Revelation

Arminianism the Very Essence of Popery

Granite Falls 26428

“Arminianism is the very essence of Popery.  Christopher Ness of St. John’s College, Cambridge, a Puritan divine, in his treatise “An Antidote Against Arminianism,” recommended by the great Dr. John Owen, writes, “As blessed Athanasius sighed out in his day, ‘The world is overrun with Arianism; so it is the sad sigh of our present times, the Christian world is overrun, yea, overwhelmed with the flood of Arminianism; which cometh as it were, out of the mouth of the serpent, that he might cause the woman (the Church) to be carried away of the flood thereof.’ [Rev. 12.15.] He quotes Mr. Rous, Master of Eton College, as saying, ‘Arminianism is the spawn of Popery, which the warmth of favour may easily turn into frogs of the bottomless pit,’ and Dr. Alexander Leighton who calls Arminianism ‘the Pope’s Benjamin, the last and greatest monster of the man of sin: the elixir of Anti-Christianism; the mystery of the mystery of iniquity; the Pope’s cabinet; the very quintessence of equivocation.'””

~Rev. William MacLean, M.A., “Arminiamism: Another Gospel”



Premillennial Doctrines Refuted

The Sola Scripturist:

C.I. Scofield

The so-called dispensationalist premillennial interpretation of Revelation, which in spite of being popular in modern evangelicalism has no provenance in the church, came about in the 19th century as a result of the teachings of Darby and Scofield. Its proponents may claim that it is a literal understanding of the text in contrast to what they perceive to be non-literal spiritualized approaches. …I believe we must distinguish a literalistic interpretation from a literal one. …I believe that dispensationalist premillennialism falls over in that it interprets Revelation literalistically…

Read more:

The Future Must Not Belong To Protestants

At least, according to America’s last president, who stated in 2012 that “The future must not belong to those who slander the prophet of Islam,” which pretty much by definition includes Protestants:

And America’s current president, who stated on October 20, 2016 at the Al Smith Dinner that “We can also agree on the need to stand up to anti-Catholic bias, to defend religious liberty and to create a culture that celebrates life.”  No similar statement that I know of has been made in favor of Protestants or Bible believers:

These statements show the American government has allied itself with Islam and Catholicism, as the Bible predicted the kings of the earth would do:

Revelation 16:13-14:  And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

As John Gill wrote in his Exposition of the Bible,

And he gathered them together,…. Or rather “they gathered them together”, as the Syriac version renders it; for though the verb is singular, a noun plural goes before it, as in Revelation16:14 and the same spirits that are there said to go forth, to gather the kings together, these will gather them together; will persuade the Papal, Pagan, and Mahometan powers, the remains of them in the several parts of the world, to join together, and make one effort for the reviving of their declining, and almost ruined interests: for which purpose they will be brought together,

What will happen next (hint: Armageddon) is sure to be a great surprise to the world at large.


Beast Watch: Pope Francis Once Again Admits That The Roman Catholic Church is Mystery Babylon

Via The Still Man, under this permission (original images not included):

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“And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication” (Revelation 17:4).

Grace and peace, Saints.

Many of you may be aware that last October, Pope Francis went on an ecumenical journey to Sweden. During an in-flight press conference held aboard the papal jet, the pontiff fielded a variety of questions covering subjects from ecumenism to secularization. Responding to a question from a Swedish journalist regarding the possibility of women being allowed in the Catholic priesthood, Pope Francis made a cryptic, yet very revealing statement wherein he once again admitted that the Roman Catholic religion is, in fact, Mystery Babylon, the worship of Nimrod and Semiramis.

Click here for the full text of the press conference.

Following is the complete dialogue:

Journalist: “Good morning. The Sweden that hosted this important ecumenical encounter has a woman as head of it’s own Church. What do you think: is it realistic to think of women priests also in the Catholic Church in the coming decades? And if not, why are Catholic priests afraid of competition?”

Pope Francis: “Reading the history a bit in the area where we were, I saw that there was a queen who was widowed three times. And I said: but, this woman is strong, and they told me: Swedish women are very strong, very good. And because of this some Swedish man looks for a woman from another nationality…I don’t know if it’s true, but…on the ordination of women in the Catholic Church, the final word is clear, it was said by St. John Paul II and this remains. On competition, I don’t know…”

Journalist: “Never ever?”

Pope Francis: “If we read well the declaration made by St. John Paul II, it goes along this line, yes…But women can do so many things better than men, even in the dogmatic field. To clarify (to perhaps give some clarity, not to say only a reference to a document):

INTERJECTION. Now pay close attention, as the Pope reveals the true nature of Roman Catholicism: that rather than Christianity, Catholicism is really Mystery Babylon, the worship of Nimrod and Semiramis. The greatest emphasis, however, is on Semiramis.

Pope Francis: “In Catholic ecclesiology there are two dimensions to think about: the Petrine dimension (which is from the Apostle Peter and the Apostolic College, which is the pastoral activity of the bishops), as well as the Marian dimension (which is the feminine dimension of the Church); and this I have said more than [once]. I ask myself: who is most important in theology and in the mystic of the Church: the apostles or Mary on the day of Pentecost? It’s Mary! The Church is a woman! It’s “la Chiesa” (in Italian), not “il Chiesa.” It’s “la Chiesa”; and the Church is the spouse of Christ. It’s a spousal mystery.

“And in light of this mystery you will understand the reason for these two dimensions: the Petrine dimension, which is the bishops, and the Marian dimension, which is the maternity of the Church, but in the most profound sense. A Church doesn’t exist without this feminine dimension, because she herself is feminine.” [Boldface and brackets mine.]

If you have ears to hear, then you know that Pope Francis has made some extremely revealing admissions here.

First, it is important to first understand that if the Roman Catholic Church were truly the Bride of Christ, then there would be no mystery, as the bride and groom would already be identified. That there remains a “spousal mystery” is the first clue that the Roman Catholic Church is not the Bride of Christ and Jesus Christ is not the groom of the Roman Catholic Church.

The Pope’s emphasis on the Petrine and Marian dimensions being peculiar to Roman Catholicism is also very important. In biblical Christianity, there are no Petrine or Marian hemispheres, as “Christ is all and in all” (Colossians 3:11). If there were two dimensions to biblical Christianity, then they would have to be the Mosaic Dimension, which is salvation by works, and the Christian Dimension, which is salvation through faith in the shed blood of Jesus Christ:

“For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ” (John 1:17)).

Regarding the Church, there is no spousal mystery. Jesus is the groom and the Church is his bride. There are two great mysteries in the Bible:

  1. the mystery of godliness.
  2. the mystery of iniquity.

The mystery of godliness, which is the Gospel of Jesus Christ, has already been revealed through Scripture and is therefore no longer a mystery:

“And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory” (1 Timothy 3:16).

The mystery to which Pope Francis alludes, therefore, can only be the Mystery of Iniquity, which just happens to be a spousal mystery. The Bible calls this mystery Mystery Babylon:

“And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:


“And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus…” (Revelation 17:5).

When Pope Francis calls Catholicism a “spousal mystery,” he is admitting that Roman Catholicism is Mystery Babylon, which is the worship of Nimrod and Semiramis. The Petrine and Marian dimensions of Catholic theology are therefore emblematic of the deified couple: St. Peter is a symbol for Nimrod, and the Virgin Mary is a symbol for Semiramis.

It is important to understand that Pope Francis’ use of the words mystery and mystic is a signal that he is speaking in occult or symbolic language. Mystery Babylon uses symbols to conceal the fact that its principle objects of worship are Nimrod and Semiramis. There are two types of symbols: esoteric and exoteric. An esoteric symbol is closer to the truth, while an exoteric symbol is farther from the truth. The Pope has already provided us with the two esoteric symbols for Nimrod and Semiramis in the Petrine and Marian dimensions of Catholic ecclesiology. Any cryptic references the Pope makes to people or things are merely symbolic references to the deified couple.

When the Pope therefore says “in light of this mystery you will understand….the two dimensions,” what he is really saying is “Once you understand that Roman Catholicism is Mystery Babylon, then you will know that everything in Roman Catholicism—from the dead Jesus, to the cross, to the Virgin Mary, to the seven sacraments—is symbolic of Nimrod and Semiramis, and you will have the key to deciphering all my cryptic references, including and especially my reference to the Roman Catholic Church as a ‘spousal mystery.’”

Pope Francis said that he has mentioned the feminine aspect of the Roman Catholic Church in the past, and one such incident may be a homily he gave in 2013, wherein Pope Francis described the Catholic Church as “a widow in search of her spouse,” an obvious reference to the Egyptian legend of Isis and Osiris, who are none other than Nimrod and Semiramis.

Pope Francis’ remarks also proves that the Virgin Mary is not the biblical Mary, the mother of Jesus. The Roman Catholic Church claims its popes are the spiritual descendants of the Apostles. Yet, the Pope claims that the Virgin Mary is the most important person in Catholic theology. The problem with this statement is that according to the Bible, Jesus’ mother Mary was present with the Apostles and the other disciples of the Lord Jesus, in the days from our Lord’s crucifixion up to Pentecost, but she played no major role. Peter was the one who was prominent:

“These [the Apostles] all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brethren. And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples…” (Acts 1:14).

In fact, the Bible records that on the day of Pentecost, the Apostle Peter preached a sermon that resulted in three thousand people being converted:

“And when the day of Pentecost was come…Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem…hearken unto my words…” (Acts 2:14).

Peter then went on to preach Jesus to the crowd, ending with:

“Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:36).

What was the result of Peter’s preaching?

“Then they gladly received his word and were baptized: and that same day were added unto them about three thousand souls” (Acts 2:41).

Jesus’ mother Mary is not even mentioned in connection with Pentecost, yet Pope Francis claims that Mary was the most important person on that day!

Why is all this important? You may ask. I’ll tell you. The Roman Catholic Church bills itself as the “mother of all churches,” and claims that it’s popes are the spiritual descendants of the Apostles and that the Apostle Peter was the first pope. This, they believe, gives the Catholic Church the divine right to rule all other churches, including the true Christian Church, and makes the Pope the spiritual head of all churches, including the Christian Church. But, by Pope Francis’ own words, Mary is the most important person in Catholic theology, even more important than the Apostle Peter. If I were a sincere Roman Catholic, I would find this problematic, because, in case you hadn’t noticed, the Virgin Mary is a statue.

Why does the Catholic Church exalt the Virgin Mary above the Apostle Peter, if they consider Peter the first pope? Because, by Pope Francis’ own words, the Catholic Church could not exist without the Virgin Mary. Pope Francis tells us:

“[T]he Marian dimension…is the maternity of the Church, but in the most profound sense. A Church doesn’t exist without this feminine dimension, because she herself is feminine.”

Here, the Pope is again using symbolic language; so, if you interpret “Marian dimension” as the Virgin Mary and “most profound” as esoteric, then you will understand that Pope Francis is telling us that the Catholic Church could not exist without the Virgin Mary because, in it’s most profound (esoteric) sense, the Virgin Mary is Semiramis.

The Pope is saying that the Marian (Semiramis) dimension is more important than the Petrine (Nimrod) dimension, because the Church is Semiramis and Semiramis is the Church. This is why the Roman Catholic Church calls itself “Mother Church.” The Catholic Church is Semiramis, who was worshipped as Cebele, the Goddess Mother and wife of Nimrod. The preeminence of Semiramis over Nimrod is depicted in the Egyptian Mysteries of Isis and Osiris, where we read that “Osiris or Horus, is the doctrine, while Isis is the Church.”

Only when one considers Roman Catholicism from the perspective of the ancient mysteries and understands that the Roman Catholic St. Peter and the Virgin Mary are really esoteric symbols for Nimrod and Semiramis, can one understand why the Catholic Church claims their popes are descended from St. Peter and the Apostles, when the popes are not and have never been anything like the Apostle Peter and the Apostles. The Roman Catholic popes are really reincarnations of Nimrod, while the Virgin Mary is really Semiramis.

Pope Francis once again proves that Roman Catholicism is not Christianity, but “Mystery Babylon The Great, the mother of harlots and abominations of the earth” (Revelation 17:5).

“He who hath an ear, let him hear.”

Be encouraged and look up, for your redemption draweth nigh.

The Still Man

“Mystery Babylon” is Rome, Not Mecca


Shaun Willcock:

“Through the centuries Christians have maintained, for very sound, biblical, and historical reasons, that the Roman Papacy is the biblical Antichrist,[9] and that the religion of Antichrist, “MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT”, described in such detail in Revelation 17 and 18, is the Roman Catholic institution.  The evidence is simply overwhelming, and I have dealt with this evidence elsewhere.[10]  The Holy Spirit has given us all the identifying marks in His prophetic Word, and they are absolutely conclusive, as has been recognised by the Lord’s people through the ages.  The “great city” is Rome; it arose centuries ago, and will not (as Richardson and others believe) merely arise in the final days of earth’s history; and it has persecuted the saints of God for centuries.  But now along comes a certain Joel Richardson and says, “No!  All those Christians were wrong.  I have solved the enigma!”  This is sheer arrogance, so typical of so many in today’s professing “Church” who have no understanding of Church history and no real interest in it, believing themselves to be the most enlightened Christians of all time.”

Read the entire article here:

Israel, Armageddon, and the Conversion of the Nations

Armageddon MegiddoArmageddon in Megiddo Israel

This past December, Israel took issue with U.S. involvement in a U.N. resolution condemning Israel’s settlement activity.  It stated that it considered the resolution to be a declaration of war against it.  Vox Popoli lists the nations with which Israel would be at war were that the case.

This incident reminded me of a sermon series I heard long ago on Armageddon, the millennium, and the conversion of the Jews.  The series was by Greg Price of Still Waters Revival Books/Puritan Downloads (a ministry which I do not wholeheartedly endorse) and was called God’s Gracious Covenant With Israel.  In Part 11, Rev. Price summarizes the way he thinks Armageddon will go down.  I post that summary here for interest’s sake (see pages 10 and 11 of the pdf attached to the sermon).  It is interesting that this sermon was given before the rise of ISIS and the openly widespread slavery occurring throughout the Middle East.  Writes Rev. Price:

  1.  Certain nations of Islam are significantly diminished of power and might (perhaps due to an attack by Israel while yet in her unbelieving state). This minimizing of power in these Islamic nations PREPARES the way for the kings of the east (although the kings of the east do not immediately set out on their journey at that time).
  2. Israel in her unbelieving state as the enemy of God (Romans 11:28) is attacked by a worldwide confederation of nations who are seduced and misled by antichrist.
  3. The first stage of the battle of Armageddon issues forth in victory for the coalition forces of antichrist and the defeat of Israel. A greater portion of Israel is cut off, either by death or dispersion among the nations (especially the nations of the east).
  4. Those Jews left in Israel turn from their sin and cry out to Christ to save them (this is the first stage of their conversion and restoration). The Lord miraculously intervenes for them and destroys the coalition of antichrist (this is the second and final stage of Armageddon).
  5. From the ranks of those Gentiles that are not slain in the battle of Armageddon, the Lord saves them as they behold the covenant love of Christ for Israel through the Gospel and through His miraculous deliverance of Israel. The Lord sends these faithful witnesses as missionaries back to their own nations whose testimony bears national fruit in bringing the nations to Christ. These nations covenant with Christ on the basis of biblical and historical testimony of Christ’s covenant with Israel and Israel’s covenant with Christ.
  6. The nations now converted teach and preach the Gospel and covenant love of Christ to Israel that is dispersed (and Israel that is dispersed no doubt hears the Gospel and the testimony of God’s covenant love from Israel that is in the Land and that has already been converted to Christ). Israel that is dispersed is likewise converted to Christ and is brought upon the shoulders of the Gentile nations back to her own land (this is second and final stage of Israel’s conversion and restoration). All Israel is now saved subsequent to the fullness of the nations.
  7. The salvation of Israel is like a resurrection for the whole world. Christ reigns from heaven over the world in prospering His Church in uniformity of doctrine, worship, discipline and government.

Source and read/listen to more:

-Sermon 11:

-Sermon 11 pdf:

-Sermon series:

The 7 Churches Represent Churches, Not Ages (Revelation 1:11, 19)

Revelation 1:11:  Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

Georges de La Tour 046“It has pleased the Lord to mention these seven, to send the book of Revelation to them, not to show the church in seven different periods, as being dealt with in the sequel, but to make them serve for the transmission of this book to other churches, and to strengthen them into seven witnesses.  It also serves to show that the Lord Jesus has His eye on His church after His ascension and is present among her, and as an example for all churches, to follow what is praised in these churches, and to refrain from that which is reproved in them, and to serve as an example of the acts of the Lord Jesus with the churches, which re thus set as these.  This is what was heard.”

Revelation 1:19:  Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

Chandelier sept branches Cathédrale Viborg Domkirke Denmark“Some think that the seven letters are prophetic, and signify seven periods.  They, seeing that this verse destroys their opinion, try to bring these three so distinct matters to two, namely, to the signs and the explanation of the signs, whether of all that are included in Revelation, or of the first vision in this chapter.  But the text is clear and states threefold matters of threefold times.  Revelation clearly contains those threefold matters of threefold times  One had happened; the other, the state of the church, was present; the third would happen.  The fourth chapter starts with the words, Come up higher, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.”

“We say to the question presented above that the seven letters, seals, trumpets, and vials do not signify seven periods or determined time orders; that the letters are not even prophetic; that the other symbols do not represent times, but matters, which the church and the enemy of the church will subsequently meet.”

~Wilhelmus a Brakel, Not to be Ignored: Rev. Wilhelmus a Brakel’s Commentary on Revelation (McCarter Providential Enterprises LLC: 2016), pages 9, 15, and 18

The Letter To The Church At Ephesus (Revelation 1:19; 2:1-7)

Temple of Hadrian Ephesus

Temple of Hadrian in Ephesus

My notes on this sermon by Pastor Bill Mencarow, given on November 19, 2006. What follows is not a full transcript but a summary transcript/paraphrase of the salient points made regarding the interpretation of Revelation. Please listen to the entire sermon to get the full message as it was presented.

Revelation is about the spiritual battle of the church and the nations at war against her and how that is worked out in human history

Revelation 1:19: Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

  • Geneva Bible: the Bible of Calvin and the Reformers. “The Apostle must write what he sees, adding nothing nor taking away anything.”
  • Verse 19 is a key verse, a time text
  • John had seen the first vision of verses 1-18
  • “Things which are” = things contemporary in John’s time, the condition of the 7 churches in chapters 2 and 3
  • “things which shall be hereafter” = chapter 4 to end of book; after John’s time

7 Churches:

  • About 10% of Revelation talks about the 7 churches
  • do not represent future successive ages as dispensationalists claim
  • addressed to real churches and have spiritual lessons for churches today


  • Large church in largest city in Asia Minor, population about 250,000
  • Rich city, trade city
  • Famous for Temple of Diana
  • Paul, Timothy, and John all pastored this church

Revelation 2:1:Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

  • “he” = Jesus; Christ is present with His church and watches over us
  • 7 candlesticks = 7 churches, give the light of the gospel to the world

Revelation 2:2:I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

Revelation 2:3: And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name’s sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

  • Members of the church had labored to bring the Gospel to many, exercised the Dominion Covenant (taking possession of the world through the gospel for Jesus Christ)
  • Church did not tolerate evildoers in their midst, practised church discipline (cf. Acts 20)

Revelation 2:4:Nevertheless I havesomewhatagainst thee, because thou hast left thy first love.

Revelation 2:5:Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

  • They had cooled off in their love for Christ and the brethren and consequently in their desire to bring the gospel to the world
  • Compare your present to your former state
  • Church is no longer in Ephesus; it was removed by Christ
  • If a church loses its first love, Christ will remove the light of the gospel from it – has happened to many churches/denominations in our time

Revelation 2:6: But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.

  • Nicolaitans = the hippies of the time
  • Called themselves Christians but did whatever they wanted; marriage meant nothing to them

Revelation 2:7: He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

  • “he that hath ear” = having a spiritual ear, have ears that have been opened by God
  • What is in the scriptures is spoken by the Spirit of God to all the churches
  • “tree of life” = Jesus; fruit = blessings of life and grace
  • We must fight against sin, the devil, the flesh, the world, our entire lives

Understanding Revelation (Revelation 1:1-7)

Book of Revelation Chapter 1-2 (Bible Illustrations by Sweet Media)

Image: Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing

My notes on this sermon by Pastor Bill Mencarow, given on October 29, 2006.  What follows is not a full transcript but a summary/paraphrase of the salient points made regarding the interpretation of Revelation. Please listen to the entire sermon to get the full message as it was presented.

  • Revelation is a letter to the 7 churches in Asia
  • James Durham calls Revelation “The Lord’s last will and testament to his church”
  • An Old Testament book, full of OT imagery. Not everything is meant to be taken literally but much is figurative
  • The Bible is its own dictionary; Scripture interprets Scripture

[Reviews content of last sermon]

Revelation 1:1: The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:

  • This is a revelation, something revealed from heaven, ie. not from the mind of man
  • Comes from Jesus Christ, who received it from God the Father
  • Written for God’s servants; given to John, who gives it to us
  • “Jesus is the fulness of all revelation which he receives from the Father”
  • Christ does the Father’s will, has authority over angels, is Wisdom, etc.
  • “shortly come to pass” = a time signifier; will happen for certain and no one can stop the events
    • “shortly” in the Bible is used elsewhere to mean anything within a year, within two years, within 50 years, to the entire time between the first and second advents. The same is true of the term “at hand”
    • great minds of the church s/a James Durham, Matthew Poole, Ernst Henstenberg, Albert Barnes, etc. say “shortly” means “ready to start soon, but not to finish soon;” “the time of the beginning of the performance”
    • events did not begin and end in the first century (preterism), nor were they to begin thousands of years in the future (futurism); phrase has no meaning in idealist view and neither does “time is at hand” (v3)

Revelation 1:2: Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

  • John is bearing record of everything he saw
  • two witnesses: Jesus Christ and John

Revelation 1:3: Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.

  • The Lord’s encouragement to use to read this book; a blessing to those who read and obey
  • possible that blessing is faith or more faith (faith comes by hearing…)

Revelation 1:4: John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

  • vv. 4-6 are John’s benediction, his blessing in the name of God
  • churches are in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey)
  • churches were a presbytery (one in faith, doctrine, and worship); “presbytery” comes from Greek word meaning “elder”
  • 7 = completeness, spiritual perfection; the Lord is writing to all churches throughout history
  • 7 spirits = one spirit, the perfect spirit, the Holy Spirit; refers to his operations, which are infinite and perfect

Revelation 1:5: And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

  • John gives us several truths about Jesus
  • “first begotten” = there will be others that follow, that are raised from the dead
  • “he loved us…” = this is the will of God to His own people, not to the whole world. He loved us before we did anything, either right or wrong. We don’t have to earn our salvation contra what Arminians teach (see Romans 9:10)

Revelation 1:6: And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

  • We serve God as kings by exercising dominion over all creation, bringing all under the Lordship of Jesus Christ
  • Jesus will return bodily when all the nations have been brought to Christ, when the world is Christianized
  • priests = have access to the holy of holies; veil was ripped in two when Jesus died; we can come to God directly through Christ
  • we as priests offer our bodies as a living sacrifice

Revelation 1:7: Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

  • he’ll come on the last day just as he went
  • anybody who rejects Jesus as their Savior and Lord is piercing him, nailing him to the cross
  • those who reject Jesus will experience eternal suffering as a result of their rejection


Murov mountain in Azerbaijan-Caucasus3

Rev. Matthew Winzer describes his eschatology:

I am amillennial in the sense of holding to a realised millennium in Christ, in accord with inaugurated eschatology and the two-age now/not-yet outlook of the New Testament. How else can all believers be called saints, citizens of the kingdom of heaven, and have the immediate expectation of glory after this life? I am postmillennial in holding to the biblical expectation of all nations coming to worship God and the kingdoms of the world becoming the kingdom of Christ. The prophetic outlook is tremendously optimistic, and there is no indication in the New Testament that this should be confined to a small remnant. God knows those who are His, but the church labours and prays according to the revealed will of God; eschatology should therefore take in more than an elect-reprobate paradigm, and should have a shaping influence on missions and world history.

Source:, Comment 38

My view is similar.  I believe Christ reigns now and that believers are saints and citizens with an expectation of glory now.  Likewise, I also believe in a future worldwide spread of the gospel and hope to see  that start in my lifetime.