Death and Destruction of Heretics

Former priest William Hogan on the RCC’s approach to Protestant people and nations in the 1800s:

Errors of the Roman Catholic Church, or, Centuries of oppression, persecution and ruin (1899) (14593171030)A true Papist will stop at nothing to advance the power of the Pope, or the interest of the holy church. Heretics, by which the reader will understand all who do not belong to the Roman Catholic church, are to be destroyed, cost what it will. Death, and the destruction of heretics, is the watchword of Popery. Down with Protestant governments, kings, presidents, governors, judges, and all other civil and religious authorities, is the war-cry in Popish countries. They desire neither to live nor die with us. They refuse to be laid down in the same common earth with us. Need this be proved to Americans? One would suppose not. Our intercourse with Roman Catholic countries is such, at present, that there can be no longer any doubt of this fact.

~William Hogan, Popery! As it Was and as it Is, Popish Bishops and Priests Absolve Allegiance to Protestant Governments

Image information:

Text Appearing Before Image:
Lord. Having thus put to death the father and one son, thebigoted monsters next determined to sacrifice the motherand the other son ; but before doing this, all arts were em-ployed to induce them to quit the faith, and embrace theerrors of popery. The mother, at length, induced by theirthreats and promises, abandoned the truth ; and was thenexhorted by the monks to convert her son, which she prom-ised to do; but upon his being admitted to her for thatpurpose, he remonstrated so earnestly with her on the sin-fulness and folly of her conduct, that she was convinced,and turned again to the Lord, beseeching him, with tears,to grant her strength to maintain the right. And she con-tinued ever after firm in the faith ; which so incensed thebigoted monks, that they adjudged her, with her son, tothe flames, as obstinate lieretics. Soon after, they were bound and brought to the place oftheir martyrdom; his mother having ascended the scaffold,cried to Martin, Come up, come up, my son. And as he [rest missing in original]

Text Appearing After Image:
Younc: Wife Perishing- with her Husband. Page 491. Thus we have taught the two parties in the State to countthe Catholics as something. Cardinal Wiseman. If the United States ever lose their liberty, it will bethrough the Romish Priesthood. George Washington. The Catholics hold the balance of power and they /illnot permit the politicians to forget that fact. (489) Catholic Review. FARTHER PERSECUTIONS. # 489 ?as speaking to the people, she said, Speak out Martin,hat it may appear to all that we do not die heretics.vlartin would have made a confession of his faith, but waslot suffered. His mother being bound to the stake, spaken the hearing of the spectators, We are Christians, andhat which we now suffer is not for murder nor theft, but)ecause we will believe no more than that which the word)f God teacheth us, both rejoicing that they were countedvorthy to suffer for the same. The fire being kindled, theehemency thereof did nothing to abate the fervency ofheir zeal, but they continued [rest missing in original]

Fake News Increases Populism…

…which threatens globalism…

Graphic on Fake News by VOA

From a December 30, 2016 article:

European Union (EU) nations must set up a network of public agencies to remove ‘fake news’ from circulation and impose fines, Italy’s antitrust chief has said.

Asserting that ‘fake news’ is driving populism, Giovanni Pitruzzella told the Financial Times the internet must not be allowed to remain a “wild west”.

Read more:

The 7 Churches Represent Churches, Not Ages (Revelation 1:11, 19)

Revelation 1:11:  Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

Georges de La Tour 046“It has pleased the Lord to mention these seven, to send the book of Revelation to them, not to show the church in seven different periods, as being dealt with in the sequel, but to make them serve for the transmission of this book to other churches, and to strengthen them into seven witnesses.  It also serves to show that the Lord Jesus has His eye on His church after His ascension and is present among her, and as an example for all churches, to follow what is praised in these churches, and to refrain from that which is reproved in them, and to serve as an example of the acts of the Lord Jesus with the churches, which re thus set as these.  This is what was heard.”

Revelation 1:19:  Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

Chandelier sept branches Cathédrale Viborg Domkirke Denmark“Some think that the seven letters are prophetic, and signify seven periods.  They, seeing that this verse destroys their opinion, try to bring these three so distinct matters to two, namely, to the signs and the explanation of the signs, whether of all that are included in Revelation, or of the first vision in this chapter.  But the text is clear and states threefold matters of threefold times.  Revelation clearly contains those threefold matters of threefold times  One had happened; the other, the state of the church, was present; the third would happen.  The fourth chapter starts with the words, Come up higher, and I will shew thee things which must be hereafter.”

“We say to the question presented above that the seven letters, seals, trumpets, and vials do not signify seven periods or determined time orders; that the letters are not even prophetic; that the other symbols do not represent times, but matters, which the church and the enemy of the church will subsequently meet.”

“Those who proceed along the lines of the seven eras, can do nothing other than misunderstand the entire Revelation.”

~Wilhelmus à Brakel, Not to be Ignored: Rev. Wilhelmus a Brakel’s Commentary on Revelation (McCarter Providential Enterprises LLC: 2016), pages 9, 15, 18, and 82

Cannot Be Judged By Man

The Pope caried on mens shoulders

Pope Nicholas I:

…the appellation of God had been confirmed by Constantine on the Pope, who, being God, cannot be judged by man.


The Letter To The Church At Ephesus (Revelation 1:19; 2:1-7)

Temple of Hadrian Ephesus

Temple of Hadrian in Ephesus

My notes on this sermon by Pastor Bill Mencarow, given on November 19, 2006. What follows is not a full transcript but a summary transcript/paraphrase of the salient points made regarding the interpretation of Revelation. Please listen to the entire sermon to get the full message as it was presented.

Revelation is about the spiritual battle of the church and the nations at war against her and how that is worked out in human history

Revelation 1:19: Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

  • Geneva Bible: the Bible of Calvin and the Reformers. “The Apostle must write what he sees, adding nothing nor taking away anything.”
  • Verse 19 is a key verse, a time text
  • John had seen the first vision of verses 1-18
  • “Things which are” = things contemporary in John’s time, the condition of the 7 churches in chapters 2 and 3
  • “things which shall be hereafter” = chapter 4 to end of book; after John’s time

7 Churches:

  • About 10% of Revelation talks about the 7 churches
  • do not represent future successive ages as dispensationalists claim
  • addressed to real churches and have spiritual lessons for churches today


  • Large church in largest city in Asia Minor, population about 250,000
  • Rich city, trade city
  • Famous for Temple of Diana
  • Paul, Timothy, and John all pastored this church

Revelation 2:1:Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

  • “he” = Jesus; Christ is present with His church and watches over us
  • 7 candlesticks = 7 churches, give the light of the gospel to the world

Revelation 2:2:I know thy works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars:

Revelation 2:3: And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name’s sake hast laboured, and hast not fainted.

  • Members of the church had labored to bring the Gospel to many, exercised the Dominion Covenant (taking possession of the world through the gospel for Jesus Christ)
  • Church did not tolerate evildoers in their midst, practised church discipline (cf. Acts 20)

Revelation 2:4:Nevertheless I havesomewhatagainst thee, because thou hast left thy first love.

Revelation 2:5:Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

  • They had cooled off in their love for Christ and the brethren and consequently in their desire to bring the gospel to the world
  • Compare your present to your former state
  • Church is no longer in Ephesus; it was removed by Christ
  • If a church loses its first love, Christ will remove the light of the gospel from it – has happened to many churches/denominations in our time

Revelation 2:6: But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.

  • Nicolaitans = the hippies of the time
  • Called themselves Christians but did whatever they wanted; marriage meant nothing to them

Revelation 2:7: He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

  • “he that hath ear” = having a spiritual ear, have ears that have been opened by God
  • What is in the scriptures is spoken by the Spirit of God to all the churches
  • “tree of life” = Jesus; fruit = blessings of life and grace
  • We must fight against sin, the devil, the flesh, the world, our entire lives

Baptizing Protestant Children

Vicente Poveda Taufe in Assisi 1899

It is not generally known, nor perhaps suspected by Protestant parents, who employ Roman Catholic domestics, in nursing and taking care of their children, that these nurses are in the habit of taking their children privately to the houses of the priests, and bishops, and there getting them baptized according to the Roman Catholic ritual: I know this as a fact, within my own knowledge. When I officiated as a Roman Catholic priest, in Philadelphia, I baptized hundreds, I may say thousands of Protestant children, without the knowledge or consent of their parents, brought to me secretly by their Roman Catholic nurses; and I should have continued to do so till this day, had not the Lord in his mercy, been pleased to visit me, and show me the wiles, treachery, infamy, corruption, and intrigue of the church, of which the circumstance of birth and education caused me to be a member. It was usual with me in Philadelphia, in St. Margaret church, of which I was pastor, to have services every morning at seven o’clock; and often when I returned home, between eight and eleven, have I found three, four, and sometimes six and eight children, whose parents were Protestants, waiting for me, in the arms of their Roman Catholic nurses to be baptized. This is a common practice in every Protestant country, where there are Roman Catholic priests; but as far as my experience goes, it prevails to a greater extent in the United States than elsewhere; and I should not be in the least surprised, if at this time, in the city of Boston, nearly all the infants, nursed by Roman Catholic women, are baptized by their priests and bishops…

“14. Whoever shall say that baptized children of this kind, when they have grown up, are to be asked whether they wish to have that ratified which their sponsors promised in their name when they were baptized; and that when they reply that they are unwilling, they are to be left to their own choice; and that they are not in the meantime to be compelled by any other punishment, to a Christian life, except that they be prohibited the enjoyment of the Eucharist, and the other sacraments, until they repent; let him be accursed!”

This last canon, as the reader perceives, explains fully why Roman Catholics are so anxious for the baptism of Protestant children by their priests. It gives them the power of compelling those children, should they deem it expedient to do so, to profess the Catholic faith, and thereby strengthening her power. They try to alienate the children from the parents; or calculating upon that natural affection with which a parent clings to a child, they hope to bring over the parent also to the Catholic faith; or, failing in this, they hope to break up those alliances of blood which nature has established, and that community of interest and feeling, which society has sanctioned, and religion and nature have blessed, between parent and child.

~William Hogan, Popery! As it Was and as it Is, Popish Bishops and Priests Absolve Allegiance to Protestant Governments

Understanding Revelation (Revelation 1:1-7)

Book of Revelation Chapter 1-2 (Bible Illustrations by Sweet Media)

Image: Distant Shores Media/Sweet Publishing

My notes on this sermon by Pastor Bill Mencarow, given on October 29, 2006.  What follows is not a full transcript but a summary/paraphrase of the salient points made regarding the interpretation of Revelation. Please listen to the entire sermon to get the full message as it was presented.

  • Revelation is a letter to the 7 churches in Asia
  • James Durham calls Revelation “The Lord’s last will and testament to his church”
  • An Old Testament book, full of OT imagery. Not everything is meant to be taken literally but much is figurative
  • The Bible is its own dictionary; Scripture interprets Scripture

[Reviews content of last sermon]

Revelation 1:1: The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:

  • This is a revelation, something revealed from heaven, ie. not from the mind of man
  • Comes from Jesus Christ, who received it from God the Father
  • Written for God’s servants; given to John, who gives it to us
  • “Jesus is the fulness of all revelation which he receives from the Father”
  • Christ does the Father’s will, has authority over angels, is Wisdom, etc.
  • “shortly come to pass” = a time signifier; will happen for certain and no one can stop the events
    • “shortly” in the Bible is used elsewhere to mean anything within a year, within two years, within 50 years, to the entire time between the first and second advents. The same is true of the term “at hand”
    • great minds of the church s/a James Durham, Matthew Poole, Ernst Henstenberg, Albert Barnes, etc. say “shortly” means “ready to start soon, but not to finish soon;” “the time of the beginning of the performance”
    • events did not begin and end in the first century (preterism), nor were they to begin thousands of years in the future (futurism); phrase has no meaning in idealist view and neither does “time is at hand” (v3)

Revelation 1:2: Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

  • John is bearing record of everything he saw
  • two witnesses: Jesus Christ and John

Revelation 1:3: Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.

  • The Lord’s encouragement to use to read this book; a blessing to those who read and obey
  • possible that blessing is faith or more faith (faith comes by hearing…)

Revelation 1:4: John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

  • vv. 4-6 are John’s benediction, his blessing in the name of God
  • churches are in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey)
  • churches were a presbytery (one in faith, doctrine, and worship); “presbytery” comes from Greek word meaning “elder”
  • 7 = completeness, spiritual perfection; the Lord is writing to all churches throughout history
  • 7 spirits = one spirit, the perfect spirit, the Holy Spirit; refers to his operations, which are infinite and perfect

Revelation 1:5: And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

  • John gives us several truths about Jesus
  • “first begotten” = there will be others that follow, that are raised from the dead
  • “he loved us…” = this is the will of God to His own people, not to the whole world. He loved us before we did anything, either right or wrong. We don’t have to earn our salvation contra what Arminians teach (see Romans 9:10)

Revelation 1:6: And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

  • We serve God as kings by exercising dominion over all creation, bringing all under the Lordship of Jesus Christ
  • Jesus will return bodily when all the nations have been brought to Christ, when the world is Christianized
  • priests = have access to the holy of holies; veil was ripped in two when Jesus died; we can come to God directly through Christ
  • we as priests offer our bodies as a living sacrifice

Revelation 1:7: Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

  • he’ll come on the last day just as he went
  • anybody who rejects Jesus as their Savior and Lord is piercing him, nailing him to the cross
  • those who reject Jesus will experience eternal suffering as a result of their rejection


Murov mountain in Azerbaijan-Caucasus3

Rev. Matthew Winzer describes his eschatology:

I am amillennial in the sense of holding to a realised millennium in Christ, in accord with inaugurated eschatology and the two-age now/not-yet outlook of the New Testament. How else can all believers be called saints, citizens of the kingdom of heaven, and have the immediate expectation of glory after this life? I am postmillennial in holding to the biblical expectation of all nations coming to worship God and the kingdoms of the world becoming the kingdom of Christ. The prophetic outlook is tremendously optimistic, and there is no indication in the New Testament that this should be confined to a small remnant. God knows those who are His, but the church labours and prays according to the revealed will of God; eschatology should therefore take in more than an elect-reprobate paradigm, and should have a shaping influence on missions and world history.

Source:, Comment 38

My view is similar.  I believe Christ reigns now and that believers are saints and citizens with an expectation of glory now.  Likewise, I also believe in a future worldwide spread of the gospel and hope to see  that start in my lifetime.

Our Lord God The Pope

Melozzo da Forlì 001Roman Canon Law:

To believe that our Lord God the Pope has not the power to decree as he is decreed, is to be deemed heretical. This feeds into the ancient idea that the Pope is God on earth.


Spies For The Priests

Former priest William Hogan on further dangers of the confessional in the 1800s:

Grandville Cent Proverbes page185Judge you, Americans, what safety there is for your republic, while you support and sustain among you a sect numbering two millions, who are sworn to uphold such doctrines as the foregoing. The very domestics in your houses are spies for the priests. Nothing transpires under your own roofs which is not immediately known to the bishop or priest to whom your servants confess. But you may say, “The confessor will not reveal it.” Here you are partly right, and partly, mistaken; and it is proper to explain the course adopted by priests in such matters as confession.

If it be the interest of the church, that what is confessed should be made public, the priest tells the party to make it known to him, “out of the confessional,” and then he uses it to suit his own views; perhaps for the destruction of the reputation, or fortune, of the very man, or family, employing domestic. But it may be replied that Roman Catholics are good-natured people; that they are generous and industrious. Admitted: I will even go further; there is not a people in the world moreso. Nature has done much for them, especially those of them who are natives of Ireland; but the lack of a correct education has corrupted their hearts and imbittered their feelings; they are not to be trusted with the care or management of the animals of Protestant families.

~William Hogan, Popery! As it Was and as it Is, Popish Bishops and Priests Absolve Allegiance to Protestant Governments